Surgical treatment for knee arthritis can involve either total knee replacement, partial knee replacement or osteotomy (cutting the bone to realign the weight bearing axis of the lower limb). The choice about which surgery to perform is guided by age, anatomy and the underlying condition.
John will have an in depth discussion with you about the options available including both operative and non operative treatments.
There are four ligaments in the knee that stabilise the joint and are prone to injury. These are:• anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
• posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
• medial collateral ligament
• lateral collateral ligament
If you injure one of these ligaments, you might experience:
• pain, often sudden and severe
• a loud pop or snap during the injury
• a feeling of looseness in the joint
• inability to put weight on the point without pain.
Not all injuries require surgery – many respond well to exercise programs. But unfortunately, once a ligament is torn it doesn't repair itself and reconstructive surgery may be needed.
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that involves placing small portals into the joint so that a fibre optic camera can be inserted into the knee. This allows John to visualise the inside of the knee to diagnose injuries. Repairs can then be done using small instruments that are passed through the portals.
Arthroscopy is often performed when a patient is experiencing knee pain, locking, 'giving way' or catching.